The provocative post-partum advice from Cardinal Carlo Maria Martini has provoked Dr Richard Sipe to propose some places in Catholic teaching where some reformation might begin in the realms of human sexuality. He cites suggestions which originated with Sr Margaret Farley rsm where the discussion on change needs to begin.
On Sex and Reformation in the Catholic Church
by A.W. Richard Sipe
In 2012 the Roman Catholic Church is in the throes of a Reformation. Cardinal Carlo Martini—a voice of reason in the Church—said, "Our culture is out of date, our churches are big and empty and the church bureaucracy rises up, our rituals and our cassocks are pompous."
Human sexuality is the centerpiece of a conflict...
Human sexuality is the centerpiece of a scientific and doctrinal conflict analogous to the time when Copernican observations necessitated a shift of perspective about humanity, our relationship with each other and our place in the world. The crisis of bishops and priests sexually abusing children has led to an awareness of how desperately the church needs, in the words of Martini, "to admit its mistakes and begin a radical change, starting from the pope and the bishops."
Sr Margaret Farley rsm
The Church is incorrect and wrong headed in its teachings on human sexuality. We can no longer defend and teach our children with a clear conscience that all sexual activity outside marriage is mortally sinful. Reasonable and sincere people cannot teach that masturbation, contraception, and sexual love outside marriage is intrinsically evil.
Sr. MARGARET FARLEY, RSM, in her book, Just Love, leads a reasonable path through the quagmire of historical myth and misconceptions that sustain the so-called religious view of sexuality.
Sr. Farley: "Masturbation … usually does not raise any moral questions at all. ... The norms of justice as I have presented them would seem to apply to the choice of sexual self-pleasuring only insofar as this activity may help or harm, only insofar as it supports or limits well-being and liberty of spirit. This remains largely an empirical question, not a moral one."
Vatican: The firm and constant teaching of the church "and the moral sense of the faithful have been in no doubt and have firmly maintained that masturbation is an intrinsically and gravely disordered action," even if one must also take into account factors such as "affective immaturity, force of acquired habit" that may "lessen or even extenuate moral culpability."
Sr. Farley: My own view ... is that same-sex relationships and activities can be justified according to the same sexual ethic as heterosexual relationships. Therefore, same-sex oriented persons as well as their activities can and should be respected whether or not they have a choice to be otherwise.
Vatican: "This opinion is not acceptable," While persons with homosexual tendencies "must be accepted with respect, compassion and sensitivity," church tradition, based on Scripture, "has always declared that homosexual acts are intrinsically disordered. They are contrary to natural law."
Sr. Farley argues that antidiscrimination laws play an important role in reversing hatred and stigmatization of gays and lesbians the congregation quoted from the book, "Presently one of the most urgent issues before the U.S. public is marriage for same-sex partners – that is, granting of social recognition and legal standing to unions between lesbians and gays comparable to unions between heterosexuals."
Vatican: "This position is opposed to the teaching of the magisterium," quoting from the Catechism of the Catholic Church and from previous statements it has made on the subject, including, "The principles of respect and nondiscrimination cannot be invoked to support legal recognition of homosexual persons" – in part because that would mean "approval of deviant behavior, with the consequence of making it a model in present-day society."
Indissolubility of marriage:
Sr. Farley: My own position is that a marriage commitment is subject to release on the same ultimate grounds than any extremely serious, nearly unconditional, permanent commitment may cease to bind. ... Can it hold absolutely, in the face of radical and unexpected change? My answer: sometimes it cannot. Sometimes the obligation must be released, and the commitment can be justifiably changed.
Vatican: "This opinion is in contradiction to Catholic teaching on the indissolubility of marriage," Citing church law and the Second Vatican Council among its sources, the Vatican said that "Love seeks to be definitive; it cannot be an arrangement 'until further notice.' … The Lord Jesus insisted on the original intention of the Creator who willed that marriage be indissoluble. … Between the baptized, a ratified and consummated marriage cannot be dissolved by any human power or for any reason other than death."
Divorce and remarriage:
Sr Farley's book "Just Love: A Framework for Christian Sexual Ethics"
Sr. Farley: The lives of two persons once married to one another are forever qualified by the experience of that marriage. ... But [if that ends in divorce] does what remains disallow a second marriage? My view is that it does not ... any more than the ongoing union between spouses after one of them has died prohibits a second marriage on the part of the one who still lives." Martini seems to concur when he said, "A woman is abandoned by her husband and finds a new companion to look after her and her children. A second love succeeds. If this family is discriminated against, not just the mother will be cut off but also her children. In this way "the Church loses the future generation".
Vatican: Quoting Christ in Mark's Gospel, "Whoever divorces his wife and marries another commits adultery against her; and if she divorces her husband and marries another, she commits adultery," They added that in church teaching in the case of civil divorce and remarriage, "a new union cannot be recognized as valid, if the first marriage was," and those in such a situation cannot receive Communion unless they repent, confess in the sacrament of penance and commit themselves "to living in complete continence."
Why the sexuality issue needs to be sorted out...
Why is right thinking and sincere dialogue about sex important?
We know the answer: because sex is an important factor in sound, honest, Christian living and love.
The sexual hypocrisy of many Roman Catholic clergy prevails from the very top of the Vatican bureaucracy to local dioceses and parishes where bishops and priests do not believe what they teach; and equally distressing, some bishops and priests are involved in sexual liaisons' with adult women or men, other clerics and even with minors. These facts too demand serious and immediate attention and reform.
No one says that answers to sexual ethics are easy or apparent.
That is why scholars like Margaret Farley should be listened to and dialogued with rather than ostracized and condemned.
I will stand by some basic assertions:
- Masturbation is not intrinsically evil.
- Contraception is not intrinsically evil either inside or outside of marriage.
- Certainly condoms should be used if effective in avoiding disease, especially the HIV virus.
- Gay orientation is not an intrinsic disorder.
- Homosexual love is not intrinsically evil.
- Marriage between same-sex partners is not intrinsically evil.
- Neither scripture nor theology unalterably dictates that women are intrinsically disqualified from the sacrament of priestly ordination.
Now let's get down to some serious discussion and dismiss the apodictic stance that sex is intrinsically evil and current church teaching is unalterable.
Why are we, concerned followers of Jesus—and priests—afraid to discuss human realities?
A.W. Richard Sipe, submitted to Catholica 13 Sep 2012
Sr Margaret Farley's book is available in Kindle and paperback editions from Amazon, Fishpond and Garratt Publishing in the Catholica Spiritual Marketplace HERE. Richard Sipe's books can be found in the Catholica Spiritual Marketplace HERE.
Richard Sipe, is the author of eight books on sex and celibacy in the Catholic church, most recently as co-author of Sex, Priests and Secret Codes. He also has been an advocate for hundreds of victims of child sex abuse in the church. After spending 18 years as a Benedictine monk and priest, he was trained as a clinical counselor to deal with the mental health problems of priests. During that training and therapy he conducted a 25-year ethnographic study of the celibate/sexual behavior of the clergy population. His study, published in 1990, is now considered a classic. Internationally known, Sipe has participated in 12 documentaries on celibacy and priest sexual abuse aired by HBO, BBC, and other networks in the United States, United Kingdom, and France. He has been widely interviewed by media including CNN, ABC, NBC, CNBC, the New York Times, the Los Angeles Times, People magazine, Newsweek and USA Today.
Further information can be found on Richard Sipe's website: www.richardsipe.com
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©2012A.W. Richard Sipe
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